About the American
Guinea Hog
The American Guinea Hog is a North American land
race  breed that originated in the 19th Century
American south. Originally prized for their highly
flavorful meat, important lard, exceptional
temperaments, small size, and independent grazing,
Guinea Hogs are enjoying renewed interest today as
the ideal homestead hog for those very same
characteristics.

The history of the breed is somewhat illusive. What is
known, is that the American Guinea Hog is a breed
unique to North America. Small, black, hairy hogs
were widespread on homesteads throughout the
southeastern United States in the 19th century.
These early American Guinea Hogs were expected to
forage for their own food. They would graze grass,
clover, roots, nuts, fallen apples, and clean out
garden beds. The hogs were also kept in the yard
where they would create a safe zone around the
house. These hogs were hardy and efficient, gaining
well on the roughest of forage and producing the
most flavorful hams, bacon, and lard essential for
subsistence farming.

The American Guinea Hog has managed to remain
perfectly compact in size despite efforts to produce
increasingly larger hogs in the industrialized breeds.
Adult guinea hogs range in size from somewhat under
200 pounds to somewhat over 300 pounds
(depending on body condition) and typically stand
somewhat under 30 inches.

They are historically know as a "lard" pig, which
means they will fatten up quite nicely on an
abundance of feed, but also suggests they convert
grass and other low input feeds into quality lean
meat very efficiently. At 6-8 months, Butcher hogs
generally reach an ideal Live market weight of up to
150 pounds  with up to 75 pounds of hanging weight
carcass. Although they are smaller than the large
industrial breeds, the abundant meat is delicious,
healthy and the ideal amount for home storage and
consumption.  Their flavorful lard is highly sought
after by gourmet cooks.

In appearance, the American Guinea Hog is almost
always solid black in color with occasional white  
markings on the feet and tip of snout. They have a
hairy coat with red, blue or gray highlights,  a curly
tail, and upright ears.  In temperament, Guinea Hogs
are extremely people friendly and docile.

Today, there are less than 100 known adult Guinea
Hogs in existence and the breed is listed as critically
endangered by the American Livestock Breeds
Conservancy. Though their numbers are small, the
American Guinea Hog is ideally suited for use in
diversified, sustainable agriculture that is now on
the rise.

The American Guinea Hog is a natural choice for
farmers and homesteaders practicing  sustainable,
small scale farm production,  those interested in
raising their own food on just a few acres, or
anyone interested in a small, multi-functional breed
of hog.